MRAP vehicles were designed and fielded through an accelerated acquisition process that employed concurrent production, testing, and fielding in order to meet urgent requirements identified during Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom. The vehicles’ V-shaped hull, high ground clearance and high hardened armor make them uniquely qualified for high IED threat operations. The U.S. Marine Corps currently has 2,007 MRAP vehicles, comprising three vehicle platforms: the MRAP All-Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV), the Cougar and the Buffalo.
The Cougar platform consists of Category I and Category II variants. Category I vehicles primarily are intended for operations in the urban combat environment and explosive ordnance disposal (EOD). Category II vehicles are capable of supporting security, convoy escort, troop/cargo transport, medical, armored utility, EOD and combat engineer operations. The Category III Buffalo is a six-wheel, six-passenger vehicle developed to conduct route clearance operations. The M-ATV is designed to operate in rugged terrain and provides better overall mobility characteristics than other MRAP platforms. It supports mounted patrols, reconnaissance, security, convoy protection, data interchange, and command-and-control functions.
The Marine Corps’ enduring requirement was developed based on expected future threats and the service concept of operations. It positions a small quantity of vehicles in the operating forces and supporting establishment with the vast majority of the vehicles in prepositioned locations. The MRAP family of vehicles currently is fielded to all three Marine Expeditionary Forces.
Program is in lifecycle sustainment.